Know Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala


Ustadz Abu Ismail Muslim Al-Atsari

The glory of a science depends on the cases studied in the art. Because there is nothing more noble than Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, then the science of knowing Allah is the most noble science. How to know that Allah can be done through:

• Verses kauniyah (signs majesty of Allah in the universe or all creatures), and

• Verses Syar’iyah (signs majesty of Allah, in His Shari’ah or religion).

Know Allah Almighty include 4 parts:
1. Know the existence of Allah.
2. Know rububiyah oneness of Allah.
3. Know uluhiyah oneness of Allah (Allah’s rights diibadahi)
4. Know the names and attributes of Allah Almighty

The fourth part is a unity, should not be separated. Here is a brief explanation of the four cases above.

    We are obliged to believe that Allah the Creator of all creatures really exist, even though we have never met, see, hear directly. Lots of the arguments that demonstrate this. Among them the word of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala:

أم خلقوا من غير شيء أم هم الخالقون

Were they created by nothing (ie, without a Creator), or whether they are creating (themselves)? [ath-Thur / 52: 35]

That is, the state of a human or an existing creature can not be separated from one of three circumstances:

a. They exist without a Creator. It is not possible. There is no common sense could accept that something exists without being made.

b. They create themselves. It is no longer possible. Because how could something that was not originally there to create something there.

c. This is the Truth, that Allah Almighty has created them, He is the Creator, Ruler, no partner to Him.

An Arab bedouin asked, “Does the evidence of the existence of Almighty Allah?” He replied, “Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah)! Indeed camel dung showed camel footprint shows the trip! And the heaven that has the stars, the earth which has streets, ocean waves that have, does not that indicate the presence of al-Latif (Allah the Most Good) al-Khabir (All-Knowing). ”

Imam Ahmad rahimahullah was asked about this, he replied, “There is a strong fortress, smooth, no doors and windows. Silvery white exterior, it as pure gold. When in such circumstances, suddenly split wall, and go out from him an animal that can hear and see, has a beautiful shape and melodious voice. ”

Which is meant by Imam Ahmad is a chicken that came out of the egg. [See Tafsir Ibn Kathir, the letter al-Baqarah, verse 21]

Indeed, the belief in the Creator, Allah Almighty, a creature fithrah. Therefore Pharaoh, even the devil, also believes this. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says about Pharaoh and his people who deny the miracles of Moses Alaihissallam:

وجحدوا بها واستيقنتها أنفسهم ظلما وعلوا فانظر كيف كان عاقبة المفسدين

And they (Pharaoh and his people) because of injustice and arrogance deny (their) hearts when they believe (truth) of her. So see how was the end of those who do perish. [an-Naml / 27: 14]

Therefore, it is not merely a person believes in Allah means that he is a Muslim or a believer.

  1. Oneness of Lordship KNOW GOD SWT
    We shall believe in the Oneness of Allâh rububiyah, namely that only Allah who create, own, control, and manage all beings. Only Allah Almighty that turn on, turn off, giving rizqi, the good, disastrous. There is no ally to Allah Almighty in all cases above, nor angels, prophets, saints, genie, spirit, or other.
    Lordship (create, own and regulate / control of) the entire universe is only for Allah alone. Allah Almighty says:

الحمد لله رب العالمين

Praise be to Allah, the Rabb (Owner, Ruler) of hosts. [al-Fatihah / 1: 2]

Type of monotheism is not denied by the idolaters in the Prophet’s time, even they admit it, as stated by some verses of al-Qur’ân. Among other things, the word of Allah Almighty.

قل من يرزقكم من السماء والأرض أمن يملك السمع والأبصار ومن يخرج الحي من الميت ويخرج الميت من الحي ومن يدبر الأمر فسيقولون الله فقل أفلا تتقون

“Say,” Who gives you sustenance from the heaven and the earth, or who is authorized (created) hearing and vision, and who issued a living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living and who can organize everything “So they (the Pagans of ignorance) replied, “Allah”. Then say: “Why do you not fear Him (to Him)?” [Yunus / 10: 31]

Likewise, Satan recognizes this, he acknowledges that Allah is He Who created from fire.

قال ما منعك ألا تسجد إذ أمرتك قال أنا خير منه خلقتني من نار وخلقته من طين

God said, “What prevented to prostrate (to Adam) at the time I told you?” Satan replied “I’m better than she: You created me from fire being him You created from clay”. [al-A’raf / 7: 12]

Therefore, someone who believes in the Oneness of Allâh and His power can not be called Muslims or people of faith, until he believed in the Oneness of Allâh uluhiyah, also believe in the names and attributes of Allah, as will be explained below.

  1. Oneness uluhiyah KNOW GOD (HIS RIGHT TO DIIBADAHI).
    We believe that the right diibadahi only Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Should not give worship to other than Allah, even though the creature is close to him, like an angel or messenger of Allah Almighty. Moreover, the creature who rank below them, such as humans, jinn, animals, trees, stones, weapons, planets, stars, or other.

This Tawheed meaning contained in the words la ilaha illa Allah, because its meaning is nothing but Allah has the right diibadahi. He Almighty says:

إياك نعبد وإياك نستعين

You alone are our ibadahi and Thee only we ask for help. [al-Fatihah / 1: 5]

Allah Almighty also says:

قل إنما يوحى إلي أنما إلهكم إله واحد فهل أنتم مسلمون

Say, “Surely that is revealed to me was,” Behold Ilahmu (which you ibadahi) is the one true god, then let you have surrendered (unto Him). “[Al-Anbiya ‘/ 21: 108]

Belief in the oneness of Allah uluhiyah (His right to diibadahi) This is the core of propaganda all the apostles. And this is denied by the polytheists and infidels. Allah Almighty says.

وعجبوا أن جاءهم منذر منهم وقال الكافرون هذا ساحر كذاب)4(أجعل الآلهة إلها واحدا إن هذا لشيء عجاب

“And they wonder because of their arrival a warner (apostle) from among them; and those who disbelieve say,” This is a wizard, a charlatan. “Why he made the gods were gods the One alone. Indeed, this is true -benar an astounding thing. [Shad / 38: 4-5]

The purpose of the introduction of the oneness of Allah uluhiyah this is that we love Allah, submit to Him, fear and hope in Him, and the Oneness of worship only Him.

Worship of Allah is humble and obedient to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala with full love, exaltation, expect mercy, and fear of punishment. This was done by carrying out the command of Allah Almighty and away from his ban.

The scope of worship that is all that is loved and blessed by Allah Almighty, in the form of words and perbuataan, who was born and the mind.

Worship will be accepted by Allah with two conditions, namely sincere and mutâba’ah. Ikhlas namely: seeking the pleasure of Allah alone, while mutâba’ah, to follow the Sunnah (teachings) of the Prophet Muhammad.

Therefore, people who believe in the oneness of Allah for diibadahi right, he will offer up the kind of worship to Him alone. Among the types of worship is absolute obedience to the hope and fear; love that accompanied the absolute submission; prayer; intention in worship (sincere); slaughtering animals; fear; trust; and others.

    That faith and set the entire names of Allah and His attributes, which are in the book of al-Qur’ân and Sunnah are authentic, without likening the creature.

Allah Almighty says,

ولله الأسماء الحسنى فادعوه بها وذروا الذين يلحدون في أسمائه سيجزون ما كانوا يعملون

“Only Allah belongs asthma-ul Husna, then bermohonlah to him by calling Asma-ul-Husna and tinggalakanlah people who deviate from the truth (call) the names of his. Later they will be rewarded for what they do. [al-A’raf / 7: 180]

ليس كمثله شيء وهو السميع البصير

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing. [ash-Shura / 42: 11]

Verily Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala is the Most know all things, including the most out of Allah is Allah Almighty alone. Allah Almighty says:

قل أأنتم أعلم أم الله

Say: “Do you know better or Allah?” [al-Baqarah / 2: 140]

Likewise who know Allah in between all beings is His Messenger. So the explanation of the Apostles of Allah Almighty is haq. While the words of the disbelievers and polytheists of Allah merely suspected. Allah says:

سبحان ربك رب العزة عما يصفون)180(وسلام على المرسلين)181( والحمد لله رب العالمين

Praise and glory be your Lord who has the courage of what they say, and well-being bestowed upon the Apostles, and praise be to Allah the Lord of all the worlds exciting. [ash-Saffat / 37: 180-182]

Therefore recognize the name and nature of Allah Almighty is just by way of revelation. Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal rahimahullah said about the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam:

إن الله ينزل إلى سماء الدنيا

Indeed Allah took to the skies the world


إن الله يرى في القيامة

Verily Allah will be seen on the Day of Judgment

And similar to the hadiths, “We believe in him and justify it, with no (asking) how, without (set) meaning (the others), without rejecting anything from it. And we know that all that was brought by the Prophet n is haq , we do not reject the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. and we do not characterize Allah more than that he qualifies himself with no restrictions and end. (Allah Almighty says🙂

ليس كمثله شيء وهو السميع البصير

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing. [ash-Shura / 42: 11]

And we say (about the nature of Allah) as he said; We qualifies him with all the qualities that Allah use for the characterization of himself; And we do not violate the restrictions. And penyifatan of people who qualifies him not up to his nature. We believe in al-Qur’ân everything, both the muhkam (meaning is clear) and mutasyabih (meaning vague). And we are not going to eliminate him from any of the characteristics of his qualities as an abomination that made-up, we do not encroach al-Qur’ân and al-Hadith. And we do not know the essence except to justify the Messenger of n and set al-Qur’ân. “[Lum’atul I’tiqad, p. 3]

These are the parts familiar to Allah and have faith in Him. Hopefully this explanation adds to knowledge for all, and may Allah always guide us on the straight path. Aamiin.

[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah 02 / Year XVI / 1433H / 2012M. Publisher Foundation Standing Committee Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]

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