Among the negative stigma that is addressed by the West against Islam is, that Islam does not respect the status of women, memasung freedom, unfair and make it as second-class human being confined in the mastery of men and live in infamy. Muslim women were imaged as backward and marginalized women of the dynamics of life without any real role in society. Therefore, they assume, that Islam is a major obstacle to the struggle for gender equality.
Surprisingly, most of the Muslims who have lost their identity even influenced by the views it. Instead of arguing, they actually become part of their thinking spreader. Campaign under the emancipation of women and gender equality, they wanted to release Muslim women value their self-esteem that has been maintained by Islam.
Before the coming of Islam, all mankind despise women. Let glorify it, think of it as a human does. The Greeks considered women as a means of pleasure only. The Romans give the right to a father or a husband sells daughter or his wife. Arabs give rights to a child to inherit his father’s wife. They have no inheritance rights and no right to own property. It also happened in Persia, Hidia and other countries. (See al Mar
ah, Qabla ba'da wa al-Islam, Maktabah Syamilah, huquq al Marah fi al-Islam: 9-14)
Arabs when it was used to bury their daughters alive without sin and error, simply because she was a woman! Allah says about them,
وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِالْأُنْثَى ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ . يَتَوَارَى مِنَ الْقَوْمِ مِنْ سُوءِ مَا بُشِّرَ بِهِ أَيُمْسِكُهُ عَلَى هُونٍ أَمْ يَدُسُّهُ فِي التُّرَابِ أَلَا سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ
And if one of them is given the news of (the birth), a girl, was Black (red goes out), his face, and he was very angry. He hides himself from the people because of the bad news to him. Will he keep it to bear the humiliation or will bury it in the ground (alive) ?. Know, what was worse what they charge it. “(QS. An-Nahl : 58)
Muhammad al Tahir ibn Assyria says, “They bury their daughters, their most direct bury after the birth, most of them buried him after he was able to walk and talk. That is when the girls they can no longer be hidden. It is among the worst acts jahiliyyah people. Those familiar with this act and regard this as the right of a father, then the whole society no one would deny it. “(Al-Tahrir wa al Tanwir: 14/185)
Then the light of Islam was published illuminate the darkness with a treatise which was brought by the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, the fight against all forms of injustice and human rights guarantees all without exception. Notice God says about how to treat women in the following verse:
يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا يحل لكم أن ترثوا النساء كرها ولا تعضلوهن لتذهبوا ببعض ما آتيتموهن إلا أن يأتين بفاحشة مبينة وعاشروهن بالمعروف فإن كرهتموهن فعسى أن تكرهوا شيئا ويجعل الله فيه خيرا كثيرا
“O ye who believe, do not lawful for you to inherit women forcibly way and do not pester them because you want to take back some of what you have given to him, except when they commit lewdness. And hang out with them as appropriate. Then if you do not like them, (the patient) because maybe you do not like something, but God made him much good. “(QS. An-Nisa : 19)
Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also often reminded by the word-his saying that Muslims respect and venerate women. Among his saying:
استوصوا بالنساء خيرا
“I wasiatkan to you to do good to the women.” (Reported by Muslim: 3729)
خيركم خيركم لأهله وأنا خيركم لأهلى
“The best of you is the most kind to his wife, and I was most kind to my wife.” (Tirmidhi, declared authentic by Al-Albani in “ash-shahihah”: 285)
Dr Abdul Qadir Syaibah said, “That then in Islamic law, women are respected, not to be inherited, not kosher detained by force, men are commanded to do good to them, husbands are required to treat them with kindness and patience with morals them. “(huquq al Mar`ah fi al-Islam: 10-11)
The woman is the Gift, Not Disaster
Having previously people looked at her as unfortunate ignorance, Islam considers that the woman is a gift of God. With men will find rest, physically and inner. From it would appear that very beneficial positive energy in the form of love, affection and motivation to live. Male and female into a single entity in the frame of the household. Kedunya mutual help in creating a comfortable life and full of happiness, educating and guiding human generations to come. Allah says,
ومن آياته أن خلق لكم من أنفسكم أزواجا لتسكنوا إليها وجعل بينكم مودة ورحمة إن في ذلك لآيات لقوم يتفكرون
“And among His signs is that He created his wives for you from your kind itself, so you tend to be and feel at ease to him, and made him among you a sense of love and affection. Verily in this is truly there are signs for a people who think. “(QS. Al Rum : 21)
والله جعل لكم من أنفسكم أزواجا وجعل لكم من أزواجكم بنين وحفدة ورزقكم من الطيبات أفبالباطل يؤمنون وبنعمت الله هم يكفرون
“God has given you wives of your own kind and has given you from your wives, the children and grandchildren, and give sustenance of good things. So will they believe in falsehood and deny the favors of Allah ?. “(QS. An-Nahl : 72)
هن لباس لكم وأنتم لباس لهن
“They (the wives) are your garments and ye also are garments for them.” (QS. Al Baqarah : 187)
Rights and the Status of Women
As men, women’s rights are also guaranteed in Islam. Basically, everything that is the right man, he became a women’s rights. His religion, his property, his honor, his mind and his soul is guaranteed and protected by Islamic law as men. Among the examples contained in the Al Koran is: women have equal rights with men in worship and be rewarded:
ومن يعمل من الصالحات من ذكر أو أنثى وهو مؤمن فأولئك يدخلون الجنة ولا يظلمون نقيرا
“Whoever is doing good deeds, both men and women while he was a believer, then they will enter into heaven and they are not persecuted the slightest.” (QS. An Nisa : 124)
Women also have the right to be involved in the deliberation in the matter of breastfeeding:
فإن أرادا فصالا عن تراض منهما وتشاور فلا جناح عليهما
“If both want to wean (prior two years) with the willingness of both and deliberation, then there is no sin on both of them.” (QS. Al Baqarah : 233)
Women have the right to complain of the problem to the judge:
قَدْ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ قَوْلَ الَّتِي تُجَادِلُكَ فِي زَوْجِهَا وَتَشْتَكِي إِلَى اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ يَسْمَعُ تَحَاوُرَكُمَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ
“Allah has heard the woman who filed a lawsuit to you about her husband, and complained (as) to God. And God heard the question and answer between you two. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. “(QS. Al Mujadilah : 1)
And at the time of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, narrated some cases the complaints of women to him.
Women are male partner in the role of good and forbidding evil beramar and other worship:
والمؤمنون والمؤمنات بعضهم أولياء بعض يأمرون بالمعروف وينهون عن المنكر ويقيمون الصلاة ويؤتون الزكاة ويطيعون الله ورسوله أولئك سيرحمهم الله إن الله عزيز حكيم
“And those who believe, men and women, sebahagian them (is) be a helper for sebahagian others. They told (do) the right and forbid the wrong, and establish prayer, practice regular charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. They will be given the grace of God; Allah is Mighty, Wise. “(QS. Al Tawbah : 71)
Allah said about the rights of women:
ولهن مثل الذي عليهن بالمعروف وللرجال عليهن درجة والله عزيز حكيم
“And the women have equal rights with obligations under way ma’ruf. But man, having a degree of excess rather than his wife. And Allah is Mighty, Wise. “(QS. Al Baqarah : 228)
Ibn Kathir said, “The purpose of this paragraph is that women have rights over men, as men above them. So, should each of the two performing rights in a manner that kindness. “(Tafseer of the Qur’an al Adzim: 1/609)
Muhammad al Tahir ibn ‘Ashur said, “This verse is a declaration and flattering on women’s rights.” (Al-Tahrir wa al Tanwir: 2/399)
Should pearl Guarded
In addition to guaranteeing the rights of women, Islam is keeping women from all the things that could tarnish the honor, dignity and degrading dropping dignity. Like a pearl of great price, placing Islam as a noble creature that must be maintained. On this basis then the number of rules set by Allaah. And so the next, women can carry out its strategic role as a community educator of future generations.
Muhammad Tahir ‘Ashur rahimahullah said, “Islam is very concerned kindness of women’s affairs. How not, because women are half of the human kind, the first educators in the education of the soul before the other, sense-oriented education so that it is not affected by any adverse effects, and also careful that he does not enter the influence of Satan …
Islam is a religion of law and rules. Therefore it comes to improving the condition of women, raised in rank, so that the Muslims (the role) has the readiness to achieve progress and lead the world. “(Al-Tahrir wa al Tanwir: 2 / 400-401)
Among the special rules for women is the rule in clothing that covers the entire body of a woman. This rule differs from men. God commands so that they can survive the treacherous spy men and not be a detraction for them.
يا أيها النبي قل لأزواجك وبناتك ونساء المؤمنين يدنين عليهن من جلابيبهن ذلك أدنى أن يعرفن فلا يؤذين وكان الله غفورا رحيما
“O Prophet, tell your wives, your daughters and wives of the believers:” Let them put out jilbabnyake their whole body. “That is so they are easier to be recognized, therefore they are not disturbed. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. “(QS. Al Ahzab : 59)
The woman was ordered by God to protect their honor in the presence of men who are not her husband in a way not to intermingle with them, more stay at home, keeping the view, do not wear perfume when outdoors, do not lower your voice and others .
وقرن في بيوتكن ولا تبرجن تبرج الجاهلية الأولى
“And be ye remain in rumahmudan ye ornate and behave like people who formerly Ignorance.” (QS. Al Ahzab : 33)
All this law established by God in order to preserve and glorify women, as well as ensuring good order and clean life of deviant behavior that arises as a result of the destruction of barriers association between men and women. Rampant adultery and sexual harassment are among the phenomena that result from women not keeping God rules over and men as leaders and responsible they are remiss in implementing God’s laws on women.
Finally, the limitations of science and the word, the authors feel that what is presented in this paper is still far from perfect. But hopefully at least a little can answer doubts that may be settled in the minds of some Muslims about Islam’s view of women, due to the outbreak of mistaken opinion that spread by people who do not want Islamic law upright joints sustain human life
Bish-sowab a’alam Allaah sallallaahu wa ‘ala Muhammad Alihi.
Riyadh, 22 Jumada Thani 1433 H
Penulis: Ustadz Abu Khalid Resa Gunarsa, Lc (Alumni Universitas Al Azhar Mesir, Da’i di Islamic Center Bathah Riyadh KSA)
(Author: Ustadz Abu Khalid Resa Gunarsa, Lc (Alumni of the University of Al Azhar University in Egypt, the Islamic Center Bathah Preachers in Riyadh KSA)